By Ruth Wodak, Rudolf de Cillia, Martin Reisigl, Karin Liebhart
Which subject matters, discursive thoughts, and linguistic units are hired within the building of nationwide sameness and specialty at the one hand and distinction to different nationwide collectives at the different? This quantity examines eu discourses of nationwide identification, paying specific awareness to Austria. The authors interpret ongoing changes of the self and the opposite via a mix of historic thought and technique and political technological know-how. they think about the rhetorical advertising of nationwide id and the linguistic building and replica of nationwide distinction a number of degrees in the country nation. This accelerated and revised version covers the impression of socio-political alterations in Austria and within the eu Union and the try to build hegemonic nationwide identities.
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Additional info for The Discursive Construction of National Identity, 2nd Ed.
Schemes are primarily described in terms of cognitive, emotional and actional default macro-structures with respect to objects, events, situations and practices. Frames are mainly characterised in terms of memory-modelling or knowledge-organising unities of actions. In contrast to ‘script’, ‘scheme’ and ‘frame’, ‘strategy’ is mainly identified in terms of planned social (in our case, discursive) activities, of the political or socio-psychological aims or functions of these activities, and of (linguistic) means designated to help realise these aims.
Where we do not agree with Bourdieu is in his assumption that strategy and action are equivalent. We locate acts on the level of realisation: they are realisations of strategies. ‘Behind’ or ‘within’ acts we can discern specific, more or less conscious or automatised, strategies which serve certain purposes or help to achieve a particular objective. Only by looking at these – for example, discursive – acts may we draw conclusions about potential underlying strategies. Even though Heinemann and Viehweger (1991) have applied the concept of strategy primarily in relation to text linguistics, their general definition of ‘strategy’ corresponds to the way we apply it to discourse: Thus it becomes clear that strategies mediate between communicative functions and objectives deduced from the interaction and the social conditions of interacting partners and, on the other hand, the realisation of linguistic (or extralinguistic) means and their structuration.
A fundamental transformation of the forms of perception of the world was also necessary in order to enable people to conceive of a ‘nation’ (Anderson 1003 02 pages 001-278:Layout 1 27/11/08 15:16 Page 22 22 The Discursive Construction of National Identity 1983, p. 28). Anderson emphasises the significance of the fall of Latin as the ‘sacred language’ (analogous to Arabic and the Koran; Anderson 1983, pp. ), the knowledge of which had previously signified privileged access to ‘truth’ (Anderson 1983, p.
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