By Angeliki E. Laiou

It is a concise survey of the economic climate of the Byzantine Empire from the fourth century advert to the autumn of Constantinople in 1453. Organised chronologically, the ebook addresses key subject matters reminiscent of demography, agriculture, production and the city economic climate, alternate, financial advancements, and the position of the nation and beliefs. It offers a complete evaluation of the economic system with an emphasis at the monetary activities of the nation and the effective function of town and non-economic actors, resembling landlords, artisans and money-changers. the ultimate bankruptcy compares the Byzantine economic system with the economies of western Europe and concludes that the Byzantine economic system used to be essentially the most winning examples of a combined economic climate within the pre-industrial international. this can be the one concise normal background of the Byzantine economic climate and should be crucial studying for college kids of monetary background, Byzantine background and medieval background extra normally.

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Byzantine Economy

This can be a concise survey of the financial system of the Byzantine Empire from the fourth century advert to the autumn of Constantinople in 1453. Organised chronologically, the ebook addresses key topics equivalent to demography, agriculture, production and the city economic system, exchange, financial advancements, and the function of the country and beliefs.

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Oikonomid`es, “Byzance: A ´ pos d’alphab´etisation,” in J. ), Bilans et perspectives des Etudes m´edi´evales en Europe (Louvain-la-Neuve, 1995), pp. 35–42. See, for example, D. ), Everyday Life in Byzantium, exhibition catalogue (Thessalonike, 2004). For the Middle Ages see, for example, J. Moreland, “The Signifiers of Production in Eighth-Century England,” in I. L. Hansen and C. ), The Long Eighth Century: Production, Distribution and Demand (TRW, 11) (Leiden, 2000), pp. 96 ff. Natural and human resources 21 Science and technical knowledge Despite their importance, Byzantine science and technical knowledge have been much debated and little studied.

Sodini, “Archaeology and Late Antique Social Structures,” in Lavan and Bowden, Theory and Practice (Leiden, 2003), pp. 25–56. Zuckerman, Du village a` l’Empire , pp. 215–19. 40 The Byzantine Economy encroachment of shops on public spaces characterizes the transformation of the ancient city. This break and ruralization of the “Late Late” ancient city, called “de-urbanization” by others, has been dated to the seventh century and principally attributed to the Persian invasion of Asia Minor,46 but can be traced, even in Sardis, somewhat earlier.

1). A much higher estimate of about 700,000 is now proposed by C. Zuckerman, Du village a` l’empire: autour du registre fiscal d’Aphroditˆo (Paris, 2004). Sixth to early eighth centuries 27 and inscriptions in the capital and in the provinces give evidence of great building activity. New construction was still undertaken in the sixth century. It included religious buildings like the famous Saint Polyeuktos, Saint Sergius and Bacchus and Saint Sophia in Constantinople with their costly decoration.

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