By Luke Timothy Johnson

The letter of James has loved a colourful heritage, with its history and value broadly debated over the centuries. during this publication a great pupil of the recent testomony bargains new and chosen reviews of James that express its roots in antiquity and its value for Christian background and theology. / Luke Timothy Johnson explores the letter of James from quite a few views. After a common advent to James, he seems at its historical past of interpretation. Johnson then examines James's social and historic state of affairs, its position inside of Scripture, and its use of the sayings of Jesus. numerous exegetical reports take care to put James within the context of Hellenistic ethical discourse. concluding essays examine the subjects of friendship and gender in James. / whereas possible of curiosity in basic terms to pros, Johnson's Brother of Jesus, pal of God can also be available to common readers excited about biblical studies, and church teams will locate this quantity to be a fruitful access into an incredible element of the hot testomony.

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Extra info for Brother of Jesus, Friend of God: Studies in the Letter of James

Sample text

The wisdom tradition of Scripture continues in James not only thematically in his distinction between the "wisdom from below" and that "wisdom from above" that comes from God (1:s; $13-17), but also formally by means of his hortatory style. James can be seen as part of that broad river of wisdom that flowed through and from the ocean ofTorah in antiquity, although as we will see momentarily, James is a distinctive and easily discernible current in that flow. James's voice, in short, combines in distinctive fashion the language of Greco-Roman moralism and the language of Scripture.

Lsh Chriscianrn~Definlclons and Termtnology," Neto Testament S&xs 24 (1978) 410-4x5 PROLOGUE tended discussion in the first part of this essay suggests that James represents a way of being Jewish and a follower ofJesus that is thoroughly grounded in fidelity to the law but without any specific or special concern for circun~cision(as noted, it may simply be assumed) or for any ritual practices. James shows a thoroughly moralizing form ofJudaism that recognizes Jesus as Messiah and Lord (I:I; 2:1), lives within the framework of If James his teachings (see below), and expects his return as judge (5:7-8).

The most obvious is the proclamation of love as the "law of the kingdom3'(2:8), which is found also in the mouth of Jesus. The detection of these allusions is not easy because so much of James's language echoes Jesus' speech, as when he speaks of the judge standing by the door ( 5 : ~see ; Matt 24:33), or of having faith uithout doubting (1:6; Matt 21:21), or when he states that those who endure will be saved (1:12; Matt lo:=), and those who humble themselves will be exalted (4:6-10;Matt 23:12).

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