By Bernard Lowry

In the summertime of 1940, Britain requested itself no longer 'will Hitler invade?' yet 'when?' SEALION, the German invasion plan, provoked the development of pillboxes, coastal defences, heavy-gun emplacements and anti-aircraft batteries, in addition to the formation of the house protect and covert teams. Later, new hazards changed SEALION: radar detection platforms have been elevated through the Blitz years, as have been intelligence-gathering platforms and listening posts. From 1944, Britain used to be back confronted with a dangerous possibility, Hitler's 'Vengeance weapons'. This name offers a concise evaluate of Britain's shielding platforms, and provides a vibrant photograph of battle at the domestic entrance.

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Extra info for British Home Defences 1940-45 (Fortress, Volume 20)

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Turretted naval gun, although at the beginning of the war World War I-era lorry-mounted 3in. guns were still in use for mobile protection. 7in. guns would have been used in an AT role, like the German 88mm Flak gun. AA guns were provided with suitable ammunition for the AT role so that they could form additional defended localities. The HAA guns were assisted by barrage balloons, tethered over vulnerable points such as cities, to force enemy bombers higher and therefore limit their bombing accuracy.

Many would, no doubt, be pleased that their isolated and somewhat boring service might be replaced by something more stimulating. Shelter from the bombs 36 The development and fear of mass bombing led in the late 1930s to the search for bombproof premises for vital commands and departments. The first such site was the Cabinet War Rooms, built before the war, and situated in a reinforced basement beneath offices in Whitehall, London. At the beginning of the war the Admiralty Citadel was built not far from the Cabinet War Rooms in London, to protect the Navy staffs.

In the same forest at Ashley Walk the RAF tested special munitions such as the giant ‘Grand Slam’ 22,000lb bomb and the ‘Upkeep’ bouncing bomb. In the area a structure was built to simulate a U-boat pen roof and different types of bomb were tested on the pen. Members of the RAF’s 617 ‘Dam Busters’ Squadron trained on the Derwent reservoirs in the Derbyshire Peak District. Tatton Park in Cheshire, the estate of Lord Egerton, served as a convenient dropping zone for paratroopers and SOE agents undergoing training at nearby Ringway Airfield.

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