By Sameh Hanna
This booklet explores the results of Pierre Bourdieu’s sociology of cultural construction for the learn of translation as a socio-cultural job. Bourdieu’s paintings has persevered to motivate study on translation within the previous couple of years, although and not using a designated, large-scale research that assessments the viability of his conceptual instruments and methodological assumptions. With concentrate on the Arabic translations of Shakespeare’s tragedies in Egypt, this booklet deals an in depth research of the speculation of ‘fields of cultural construction’ with the aim of supplying a clean viewpoint at the genesis and improvement of drama translation in Arabic.
The varied situations of the Arabic translations of Hamlet, Macbeth, King Lear and Othello lend themselves to sociological research, a result of advanced socio-cultural dynamics that conditioned the interpretation judgements made via translators, theatre administrators, actors/actresses and publishers. In hard the mainstream historical past of Shakespeare translation into Arabic, that is customarily premised at the linguistic proximity among resource and objective texts, this e-book makes an attempt a ‘social background’ of the ‘Arabic Shakespeare’ which takes as its foundational assumption the truth that translation is a socially-situated phenomenon that's basically totally favored in its socio-cultural milieu. via an in depth dialogue of the creation, dissemination and intake of the Arabic translations of Shakespeare’s tragedies, Bourdieu in Translation Studies marks an important contribution to either sociology of translation and the cultural heritage of recent Egypt.
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Extra resources for Bourdieu in Translation Studies: The Socio-cultural Dynamics of Shakespeare Translation in Egypt
In contrast with embodied cultural capital, institutionalized cultural capital is more fluid and is easily convertible to economic and social capital. It makes it possible to compare and price the qualifications of agents within the field. ). Thus high academic qualifications allow individual agents to “buy good jobs with good salaries” (Grenfell and James 1998: 21). ). The notion of institutionalized cultural capital and its role in determining the position of agents within cultural fields can explain the tendency of a group of Shakespeare translators in Egypt to flag their certified cultural competence paratextually.
Practising sociological research unreflexively would blind the social scientist to the possible limitations inherent in the methods they use. ” (Bourdieu 1998: 132). The point that Bourdieu wants to drive home here is that this reflexive sociology bears its own practical implications. Furthermore, reflexivity in Bourdieu’s sociology is meant to sensitize the social scientist against the tendency, which is inherent in the ‘scholastic vision’, to universalize hypotheses and postulations usually made by positivist and structuralist approaches.
Re-actualization, as a strategy, generally “preserves the structure of the work, its content, and the sequence of the Bourdieu’s Sociology of Cultural Productionâ•… 33 dialogue” (Brisset 1996: 12). ). In the field of drama translation in Egypt, ‘re-actualization’ takes one of two forms, ta‘rīb (arabization) and tamṣīr (Egyptianization), where the play is either transposed to an Arab milieu, with the characters using Classical Arabic (fuṣḥa), or transposed to an Egyptian milieu with the characters speaking Egyptian colloquial Arabic (‘āmmiyya).
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