By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Naval Studies Board, Committee for an Assessment of Non-Lethal Weapons Science and Technology

Non-lethal guns (NLWs) are designed to reduce fatalities and different undesired collateral harm whilst used. occasions of the previous few years together with the assault at the USS Cole have raised principles concerning the position NLWs can play in bettering aid to naval forces. particularly to what quantity and in what parts should still division of the army (DoN) -sponsored technological know-how and expertise (S&T) offer a learn base for constructing NLW services? to aid with this question and to judge the present NLWs software, the Joint Non-Lethal guns Directorate (JNLWD) and the workplace of Naval examine (ONR) asked the nationwide learn Council practice an evaluate of NLWs technological know-how and expertise. The file offers the result of that review. It discusses promising NLW S&T components, improvement accomplishments and matters approximately NLW, and sequence of techniques approximately destiny NLW improvement and application.

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12 INTRODUCTION 13 neutrals. Their use may lead to decisive action, such as the control of an area, while limiting collateral damage and the need for reconstruction. NLWs have appealing attributes for warfighters in current environments of peacekeeping support, regional conflict, and asymmetric threat. They create an option for controlled action, and may even keep lethal force from being the sole means of solving a crisis when diplomatic, economic, and sanction-based approaches have failed. They can reinforce deterrence and credibility by providing a commander with a graduated response over a wide range of military activities.

Rapid deployment is often the major challenge for effective barrier use. For vehicle barriers or entanglements, rapidly deployable systems are necessary for putting barriers in place before a vehicle can enter a secure zone or for allowing timely interdiction of moving land vehicles or watercraft. Precision delivery of barriers may be required. An example is the running gear entanglement system (RGES), which has proven to be effective in temporarily stopping small, fast watercraft. A challenge with a RGES is to integrate the barrier with capable delivery systems providing rapid and accurate delivery.

When employed at operational and strategic levels, the use of NLWs can reduce the cost of rebuilding infrastructure and economies. Growing Support Since the end of the Cold War, the United States and its allies have been increasingly involved in operations other than war (OOTW), including peacekeeping, peace support, and humanitarian operations. S. forces through the rules of engagement (ROE) have often required that any collateral casualties be held to a minimum. 2 The National Defense Authorization Act of 19963 required consolidation of nonlethal weapons responsibilities.

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