By Stephen P. Cohen, Sunil Dasgupta

India's starting to be affluence has led specialists to foretell an incredible rearmament attempt. The second-most populous state on this planet is commencing to wield the industrial energy anticipated of one of these behemoth. Its border with Pakistan is a tinderbox, the subcontinent is still liable to spiritual extremism, and an army contention among India and China may perhaps erupt sooner or later. India has lengthy had the inducement for modernizing its military—it now has the assets in addition. What should still we predict to work out sooner or later, and what's going to be the most probably ramifications? In Arming with out Aiming, Stephen Cohen and Sunil Dasgupta resolution these an important questions.

India's militia wish new guns worthy greater than $100 billion. yet every one of these guns needs to come from overseas providers as a result mess ups of India's indigenous examine and improvement. guns providers from different countries are queuing up in New Delhi. a protracted dating among India and Russian brands is going again to the chilly warfare. extra lately, India and Israel have built powerful army exchange ties. Now, a brand new army courting with the USA has generated the best desire for army transformation in India.

Against this backdrop of latest affluence and newfound entry to international army expertise, Cohen and Dasgupta examine India's army modernization to discover haphazard army switch that lacks political path, suffers from balkanization of army association and doctrine, continues to be constrained through slender potential making plans, and is pushed via the pursuit of expertise loose from military-strategic pursuits. the nature of army swap in India, specially the disorder within the political-military institution with reference to procurement, is eventually the results of a ancient doctrine of strategic restraint in position due to the fact Nehru. In that context, its process of arming with out strategic goal continues to be doable as India seeks great-power lodging of its upward thrust and doesn't are looking to glance threatening. the chance lies in its modernization efforts precipitating a interval of strategic statement or contributing to misperception of India's intentions through Pakistan and China, its so much fast rivals.

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Extra resources for Arming Without Aiming: India's Military Modernization

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Indd 29 7/12/10 4:58 PM 30╇ /╇ struggling with reform procurement in India over the last two decades. And, second, in higherdefense policy, which includes decisions about a new chief of defense staff position, rebalancing the armed forces in favor of air and naval power, and integrating the service headquarters into the government. Somewhat beyond the purview of this book is how India addresses the relationship between its society and the military—notably the army, which traces its structure to the army created by Lord Clive in the eighteenth century.

No Indian leader could risk the chance of a Pakistani attack on any Indian city. Crossing the Nuclear Threshold, Finally India finally broke out of its nuclear restraint in 1998, not due to the pressure of mounting threat but to the international politics of nuclear nonproliferation. Following its cold war victory, the United States spent significant energy in the early and mid-1990s in revamping the international nuclear nonproliferation regime in an effort to cash in on the peace dividend. The Clinton administration sought to extend the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty indefinitely, conclude a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, and push along a Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty.

India could use this strategy against Pakistan; however, recent crises have shown that New Delhi should not assume that the budget gap is necessarily a military one. India has long been one of the biggest weapons importers in the world. indd 19 7/12/10 4:57 PM 20╇ /╇ restraint and affluence 2003 and 2007; it is sandwiched on the list between China (12 percent) and UAE (7 percent). India’s arms market is in an unprecedented boom. The IAF is set to become the biggest buyer with 126 Multi-Role Combat Aircraft (MRCA).

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