By Philip Jowett, Stephen Walsh
It is a entire consultant to the armies that fought a devastating and decisive clash within the jap Mediterranean among the 2 international Wars of the 20 th century. From the preliminary Greek invasion, designed to "liberate" the 100,000 ethnic Greeks that lived in Western Turkey and had performed for hundreds of years, to Mustapha Kemal Ataturk's quite effective formation of a countrywide govt and a typical military, this was once a conflict that formed the geopolitical panorama of the Mediterranean to this present day. It gave delivery to the trendy Turkish kingdom, displacing thousands and growing sour stories of atrocities devoted through each side. Augmented with very infrequent pictures and lovely illustrations, this ground-breaking identify explores the background, association, and visual appeal of the armies, either guerilla and traditional, that fought during this bloody warfare.
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Extra resources for Armies of the Greek-Turkish War 1919-22
Foreign-made uniforms were increasingly acquired as the Greek Army expanded, and these included ex-US Army jackets (see Plate B3); large numbers of US war surplus uniforms were disposed of in the Near East after World War I, some also being used by the Turkish, Georgian and Armenian armies. Reportedly the Greeks also ordered quantities of French horizon-blue uniforms in 1921. Canadian stores to the value of £2 million that were left behind in England were also sold to the Greeks in September 1919.
By 1922 a typical woollen tunic had a stand-and-fall collar and six front buttons, the latter sometimes concealed by a fly flap. Tunics might be made with or without shoulder straps, and with or without breast and/or waist pockets. Colour shades varied widely, and every type of available material was used. ) Breeches were usually woollen, also in a variety of khaki shades, and were normally worn with cheap and easily made puttees. Officers usually wore pre-1918 uniforms or newly made versions of them when they could get them.
The flag is an old Ottoman standard, which was used by these men alongside improvised star-andcrescent banners. 39 tightly round the head. Ammunition belts encircle the waist and pass over both shoulders, loaded with cartridges for their modern Lebel rifles. They are further armed with a short poignard [dagger], and often with an ultra-modern German “potato masher” grenade. There are Arab troops from the Southern provinces – city dwellers, not nomads – in conventional olive drab or homespun, with stout boots and a “burnous” [kufiya] headscarf thrown over their heads.
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