By Fredrick J. Long

Pauline scholarship has ordinarily interpreted 2 Corinthians as a later editorial composite of a number of letters. Fredrick lengthy situates the textual content inside Classical literary and rhetorical conventions and argues for its cohesion dependent upon various parallels with old apology within the culture of Andocides, Socrates, Isocrates and Demosthenes. He offers a accomplished survey and rigorous style research of historical forensic discourse in aid of his claims, and demonstrates how the unified message of Paul's letter might be recovered.

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Additional resources for Ancient Rhetoric and Paul's Apology: The Compositional Unity of 2 Corinthians (Society for New Testament Studies Monograph Series)

Example text

The same is true for disposition with respect to the divisio (Rhet. Her. 17), the narratio (Quint. Inst. 57), and the peroratio (Cic. Brut. 139; Cic. Inv. 98). If the apostle Paul followed this universal dictum, it would complicate attempts to discern rhetorical disposition in his letters. Recent studies on the Book of Acts and specifically Paul’s speeches within Acts would indicate that he is at least depicted as using Greco-Roman rhetorical theory (see Satterthwaite, 1993; Winter, 1991b, 1993b; on Luke’s reliance on stasis theory see Jolivet, 1999).

And Topica (Arist. ); Anaximenes’ Rhetorica ad Alexandrum (Anax. Rhet. ); Hermagoras’ De Inventione (Hermag. ); Roman: Cicero’s Brutus (Cic. ), De oratore (Cic. ), De Inventione Rhetorica (Cic. ), De Optimo Genere Oratorum (Cic. Opt. ), Orator ad M. Brutum (Cic. Or. ), Partitiones Oratoriae (Cic. Part. ), and Topica (Cic. ); the unknown author of Rhetorica ad Herennium (Rhet. ); and Quintilian’s Institutio Oratoria (Quint. ). Forensic speeches Thousands of speeches circulated in some form during antiquity.

Critical for McCant is the view that we cannot discover the charges against Paul. He argues (p. 163): The difficulty for the interpreter of 2 Corinthians is that, if they ever existed, we do not have the prosecutor’s charges. If the Corinthians made charges, we do not know what they were. ” All we have is Paul’s parodic defense and surely he is capable of some distortion, misrepresentation and bias. Moreover, McCant maintains that there are no missionary opponents; in fact, he calls for a moratorium on this area of research in 2 Corinthians and claims that it is based largely on mirror-reading (pp.

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