By Kenneth L. McKay

In fresh many years it's been more and more famous that the types of the verb in historic Greek, together with that of the recent testomony, don't sign time (past, current, future), yet element (the method every one task is seen on the subject of its context). using the recent insights, this booklet deals a concise and obviously acknowledged account of ways the verb works within the syntax of recent testomony Greek. Its process is pragmatic, with emphasis on context instead of idea. it may be learn as a coherent account, and its 4 indexes additionally make it a convenient reference booklet.

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Additional resources for A New Syntax of the Verb in New Testament Greek: An Aspectual Approach (Studies in Biblical Greek)

Example text

ATtoypdiJjaaGai, Joseph went up to get himself enrolled (let himself be enrolled). 1. A few common verbs have only a middle form of future to corre­ spond with the active of the other aspects: -0aivio, -0rjaopai; yivtoaKio, y i x o a o p a i ; ea9ito, 4>dyopai; d-n-oGvrjaKio, aTToGavoOpai; Xappdvco, 2. ai; xcupw. xaprjaoum, and also eiu-i, eaoum, in which some other middle forms had also developed by the NT period. TTITTTII), The number of such verbs had been larger in classical Greek, and a few verbs which by the time of the NT regularly had an active future are occasionally found in the NT with the older middle future instead: A c 28:28 dKouoovToi, cf.

KaGtos Kai T O eGvn, TrepiTfaTet ev |iaTaioTr|Ti T O U V O O S auToiv, eaKOTwu-evot... even as the Gentiles behave in the futility of their thinking, darkened... 4. The plural is also used when the expressed subject is a partitive genitive or an equivalent phrase : Jn 16:17 etirav ovv C K TWV uaGrrnliv l. INTRODUCTION 19 auToO TTOOS dXXr|Xous, so some of his disciples said to one another. This is relatively rare, for it is more common to use T I S or T i v e s . 5. l. uplv) iva. and we are writing this (to you) in order that...

So also in the third person the plural is sometimes used in a rather general way, even if one person in particular is really being referred to: Mt 2:20 Te0WJKacai> yap ol CirroOvTes T T ) V ipuxriv T O U Trai8iou, those who were seeking the child's life are dead (an abbreviated statement of the fact that Herod is dead and his agents are no longer seeking). Some such plurals may be influenced by a Semitic idiom in which a plural verb with completely vague subject is used in the active in circumstances where English, and normally also Greek, would need a passive.

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