By Gelina Harlaftis
Greek-owned transport has been on the most sensible of the area fleet for the final two decades. Winner of the 1997 Runciman Award, this richly sourced learn lines the improvement of the Greek tramp fleet from the mid-nineteenth century to the current day. Gelina Harlaftis argues that the luck of Greek-owned transport in recent times has been a end result now not of a couple of marketers utilizing flags of comfort within the Forties, yet of networks and organisational buildings which date again to the 19th century. This research presents the main entire background of improvement of recent Greek delivery ever released. it truly is illustrated with various maps and images, and comprises huge tables of fundamental information.
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Additional info for A History of Greek Owned Shipping: The Making of an International Tramp Fleet, 1830 to the Present Day (Maritime History)
The massive introduction of steam in the Mediterranean after the 1860s brought a significant change in the organisation of the sea-trade. This is the division of the shipping market as it exists to the present day: the division between liner and tramp shipping. The type of cargo, the type of ship and the area it trades determines the market in which a ship works. In this way at the last third of the nineteenth century until the First World War, liner steamships tended to call at a large number of ports of the eastern Mediterranean and to carry general cargoes and passengers, whereas during the same period tramp steamers and sailing ships tended to call at one port and to carry bulk cargoes directly to ports of western Europe.
4 shows a decrease of the total tonnage of ships carrying bulk cargoes and arriving at Marseilles after the 1860s. The frequent calls at many ports of liners increased their relative importance in the shipping statistics when the relative importance of bulk cargo shipping was diminished. 15 is partly fictitious; all evidence indicates that the Greeks remained the main operators of bulk cargoes and shipping from and to that area up to 1914. 12 Main sea-routes of liner steamship companies to Marseilles A.
11 that Greeks kept carrying bulk commodities to and from the eastern Mediterranean right up to the First World War. Chapters 2 and 3 analyse extensively the participation of Greek merchants and shipowners in the Black Sea trade. 5 indicates their involvement from the south-eastern Mediterranean: on the eve of the First World War Greeks in Egypt controlled 24 per cent of total cotton exports. 5 Egyptian cotton exported by Greek-owned firms Years Bales exported by Greeks % Total 1911–12 210,448 22 964,301 1913–14 229,148 24 970,263 Source: Alexander Kitroeff, ‘The Greeks in Egypt, 1919–1937.
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