By Locke, John; Stuart, Matthew

This number of 28 unique essays examines the various scope of John Locke’s contributions as a celebrated thinker, empiricist, and father of contemporary political theory.

  • Explores the impression of Locke’s inspiration and writing throughout more than a few fields together with epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of technological know-how, political conception, schooling, faith, and economics
  • Delves into an important Lockean themes, comparable to innate principles, notion, common varieties, loose will, traditional rights, non secular toleration, and political liberalism
  • Identifies the political, philosophical, and spiritual contexts within which Locke’s perspectives built, with views from today’s prime philosophers and scholars
  • Offers an remarkable reference of Locke’s contributions and his persisted influence

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Extra info for A Companion to Locke

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New York: Library of America. Laslett, P. (1956) The English Revolution and Locke’s ‘Two Treatises of Government’. Cambridge Historical Journal 12, 40–55. R. (2001) Locke, medicine and the mechanical philosophy. British Journal of the History of Philosophy, 9, 221–243. Proast, J. (1690) The Argument of the Letter concerning Toleration Briefly Consider’d and Answered. Oxford: George West and Henry Clements, Booksellers. Stillingfleet, E. (1698) The Bishop of Worcester’s Answer to Mr. Locke’s Second Letter.

While synoptic in intent, the Essays indicate two themes that would remain constant: a voluntarist theory of law and an empiricist thesis concerning knowledge of natural law. During his Christ Church years, Locke became interested in natural philosophy – “science” as we now call it. He met Robert Boyle, absorbed the new mechanical philosophy, participated in anatomical dissections, acquired a knowledge of astronomy, and trained in medicine. ” Thereafter he was an occasional practitioner, often styled “Dr Locke,” taking a medical degree in 1675.

He was also a conformist in theory, for his first political or, rather, ecclesiological writings, known as the Two Tracts on Government (1660–1662), urge the necessity of obedience to the ruler’s imposition of religious order in all things “indifferent” to salvation. Hence it was that, after his college was purged again in 1660, Locke was issued with a certificate of acceptability by the new Dean, John Fell, later Vice-Chancellor and Bishop of Oxford. Although he would later drastically change his mind concerning toleration and came to reject coercion of “tender consciences,” and although he would express anticlerical distaste for church hierarchies, Locke never showed any inclination to become a religious Dissenter, as many Puritans now became, and he attended Anglican worship for the rest of his life.

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